Paul, Saint

   Paul was born to Jewish parents who named him Saul and he was educated by the rabbi Gamaliel. As a native of Tarsus, now Turkey, he was considered a Roman citizen. He became a radical persecutor of Christians and, on his way to Damascus to arrest some of these faithful and to bring them back to Jerusalem for prosecution, he experienced a vision that caused his conversion to Christianity— a scene depicted dramatically by Caravaggio in the Cerasi Chapel (1600) at Santa Maria del Popolo, Rome. Rejected by his own people for converting, Paul spent three years in Arabia and then in Damascus where he preached. Back in Jerusalem, he met up with the apostles and was accepted into the Christian community. He set out to preach the Gospel in Cyprus, Perga, Antioch, and Lycaonia, and, during this journey, he changed his name from Saul to Paul. A second mission led him to Europe and he founded churches in Philippi, Thessalonica, Beroea, and Corinth. After a third journey to evangelize the world, Paul was arrested in Jerusalem, tried, and beheaded in Rome on the same day as St. Peter's crucifixion.
   Since the martyrdoms of these two saints coincide, the two scenes are often paired in art, as the example of the Cerasi Chapel denotes. Michelangelo also paired them in the Pauline Chapel at the Vatican (1542-1550), while scenes from the lives of both saints are included in Cimabue's frescoes in the transept of the Upper Church of San Francesco in Assisi (after 1279). In 1515, Leo X commissioned Raphael to render cartoons for a series of 10 tapestries to be hung on the lower walls of the Sistine Chapel, Vatican, depicting the Acts of Sts. Peter and Paul (London, Victoria and Albert Museum). These include St. Paul preaching to the Athenians and the blinding of Elymas, a magus who prevented Proconsul Sergius Paulus from hearing the word of God from Paul, so the saint struck him with temporary blindness, effecting Sergius' immediate conversion to Christianity.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • PAUL (saint) — Dans sa personne comme dans sa pensée, Paul fut et demeure encore aujourd’hui la figure la plus discutée du christianisme. Son autorité d’apôtre elle même fut âprement contestée jusqu’au sein des communautés chrétiennes qu’il venait de fonder… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Paul, Saint — • The great Apostle to the Gentiles Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Paul,Saint — Paul (pôl), Saint. A.D. 5? 67?. Apostle to the Gentiles whose life and teachings are set forth in his epistles and the Acts of the Apostles.   Paulʹine ( īn, ēn) adj. * * * …   Universalium

  • Paul, Saint — orig. Saul born AD 10?, Tarsus in Cilicia died 67?, Rome Early Christian missionary and theologian, known as the Apostle to the Gentiles. Born a Jew in Tarsus, Asia Minor, he was trained as a rabbi but earned his living as a tentmaker. A zealous… …   Universalium

  • PAUL (saint, 228 env.-env.342) — PAUL saint (228 env. env. 342) ermite Entre 374 et 379, saint Jérôme, qui s’était alors retiré dans le désert de Chalcis, raconta les aventures de Paul, qu’il présentait comme le premier ermite chrétien, en une jolie histoire très pittoresque. En …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Paul Saint Pierre — (born October 14 1923) is a well known journalist and author in British Columbia, Canada. He was the Member of Parliament for the riding of Coast Chilcotin from 1968 1972. He was defeated in the 1972 election by New Democratic Party candidate… …   Wikipedia

  • Saint-Paul - Saint-Louis — Innenansicht von Saint Paul – Saint Louis Piéta von Pilon Saint Paul – Saint Louis ist eine Pariser Kirche im 4. Arrondi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Saint-Paul – Saint-Louis — Innenansicht von Saint Paul – Saint Louis Piéta von Pilon Saint Paul – Saint Louis ist eine Pariser Kirche im 4. Arrondi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gare de Saint-Paul-Saint-Antoine — Saint Paul Saint Antoine Localisation Pays France Commune Saint Paul de Jarrat Adresse Route départementale 117 09000 Saint Paul de Jarrat Coordonnées géographiques …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Église Saint-Paul-Saint-Louis — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Église Saint Paul. Église Saint Paul Saint Louis …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.